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UNDERSTANDING SANATAN DHARMA

the path towards superior intelligence

PRINCIPLE OF KARMA

SYSTEM OF KARMA

It has been stated in most of the ancient Indian texts that this entire Universe is working on the basis of the PRINCIPLE OF KARMA. 

System of Karma is something much greater than just ‘Good’ or ‘Bad’ karma or as we understand it today. Today we understand it as just keep on doing our work or job in good spirit and that is it. It is alright if lies have to be told in the process, its alright if we remain corrupt because God is giving us all that money, it is alright if we blindly follow the western culture, atleast we are doing good and so on. This is the thinking that has developed especially in Indians over the last seven decades.

First of all, let me confirm one important aspect that is followed in the present times also by many Indians and which is also stated in Ekadash Skandh, Shrimad Bhagwad Purana:

कर्माणि कर्मभिः कुर्वन सनिमित्तानि देहभृत।

तत्तत् कर्मफलं गृह्णन् भ्रमतीह सुखेतरम्।।३.६।।एकादश स्कन्ध श्रीमद्भागवद् पुराण

A person performs his Karma with his Karma organs. He enjoys happiness due to his auspicious Karma and suffers due to sorrows which are due to his inauspicious Karma. Remember in this life itself. This argument is also entirely logical. 3.6. Ekadash Skandh Shrimad Bhagwad Purana.

Therefore, because of all the inauspicious Karma a person is performing he is definitely going to suffer. This must be taken as a bitter pill.

One great misconception that most Indian people have is that whatever Karma they are doing has been presented to them by the God himself. This is truly a great misconception. It is clearly mentioned in Shrimad Bhagwad Gita that:

न कर्तृत्वं न कर्माणि लोकस्य सृजति प्रभुः।

न कर्मफलसंयोगं स्वभावस्तु प्रवर्तते।।५.१४।। 

For humans the God Almighty does not create Karma nor decision to perform any Karma, nor makes any connection between Karma and its results. It is his own nature which is doing all this.

Therefore, a corrupt person who thinks that God has presented him with this situation of thieving money, it is not God’s decision that he should thieve the money but entirely his own sweet will. By thieving this money and committing the sin thereby, it is not that just he will suffer, just as a person’s wealth is enjoyed by his children and grand children, similarly his generations will also suffer due to sins committed by him due to pitrdosh.

कर्मण्येवाधिकारस्ते मा फलेषु कदाचन।

मा कर्मफलहेतुर्भूर्मा ते सङ्गोऽस्त्वकर्मणि।।२.४७।।

You have control only over your Karma and not on the results that might be generated from those Karma. The results might be something entirely different from what you thought of at the time of performing that Karma. So you performed a Karma thinking that such and such result would be obtained. But the result may be something entirely different and one has no control over it. Thus do not perform a Karma for its results but at the same time you must also perform the Karma.

योगस्थः कुरु कर्माणि संङ्गत्यक्त्वा धनञ्जय।

सिद्ध्यसिद्ध्योः समो भूत्वा समत्वं योग उच्यते।।२.४८।।

Thus you must not link the Karma with its result and also do not worry whether you will succeed or not succeed but perform the Karma to the best of your ability and such Karma performed is called Yog or Karmyog.

दूरेण ह्यवर कर्म बुद्धियोगाद्धनञ्जय।

बुद्धौ शरणमन्विच्छ कृपणाः फलहेतवेः।।२.४९।।

You must distance yourself from the Karma performed only for results, which belongs to the lowermost category of Karma, and come under the shelter of your intelligence or Yoga of Intelligence and perform Karma according to your intelligence.

The essence of the above is that one must perform Karma highly diligently and using your intelligence to the fullest but without the desire for results.

But in real life the biggest conflict that is faced is how to de-link the Karma from the results. Almost every human being works with the desire for expectations and related results. There is possibly no human being who does not work for results. For this Lord Krishna says that a person must stabilize his intellect.

प्रजहाति यदा कामान्सर्वान्पार्थ मनोगतान्।

आत्मन्येवात्मना तुष्टः स्थितप्रज्ञस्तदोच्यते।।२.५५।।

When a person relinquishes or gives up all the desires and cravings of the mind and remains satisfied within his own self by his own self, his mind has become stable.

दुःखेष्वनुद्विग्नमनाः सुखेषु विगतस्पृहः।

वीतरागभयक्रोधः स्थितधीर्मुनिरुच्यते।।२.५६।।

The person who is not disturbed when there are sorrows and whose mind remains untouched when there are joys, one who does not have desires, fear and anger, such a sage is the one with stable intelligence.

Now understand the effect of anger

ध्यायतो विषयान्पुंसः सङ्गस्तेषूपजायते।

सङ्गात्सञ्जायते कामः कामात्क्रोधोऽभिजायते।।२.६२।।

Those who are constantly thinking of the physical objects of desire, they develop a desire to own those objects, when those desires are not met it gives rise to anger.

क्रोधाद्भवति सम्मोहः सम्मोहात्स्मृतिविभ्रमः।

स्मृतिभ्रंशाद् बुद्धिनाशो बुद्धिनाशात्प्रणश्यति।।२.६३।।

Anger gives rise to delusion of mind, delusion of mind leads to loss of memory, loss of memory results in destruction of intelligence, and loss of intelligence leads to ruin of a person.

रागद्वेषवियुक्तैस्तु विषयानिन्द्रियैश्चरन्।

आत्मवश्यैर्विधेयात्मा प्रसादमधिगच्छति।।२.६४।।

But a person devoid of desires who has controlled his senses, he who has controlled his likes and dislikes, he attains the peace of mind.

प्रसादे सर्वदुःखानां हानिरस्योपजायते।

प्रसन्नचेतसो ह्याशु बुद्धिः पर्यवतिष्ठते।।२.६५।।

When a person has attained such peace of mind his sorrows are destroyed and the intelligence of such a person definitely very soon is established in the God.

नास्ति बुद्धिरयुक्तस्य न चायुक्तस्य भावना।

न चाभावयतः शान्तिरशान्तस्य कुतः सुखम्।।२.६६।।

The person who has not won over his desires his mind does not have the intelligence of determination and intelligence of deep thinking. Without deep thinking how can he attain peace, and without peace how can that person be happy?

Just as the wind sweeps away the boat with it, similarly the desires sweep away the person’s mind with it and he loses the power of intellect.

Just as the level of the ocean does not change in extreme rainfall or in extreme hot dry weather, similarly the person whose mind is stable remains calm in any kind of situation in life. Such a person is said to be with a stable mind. 

THIS IS THE REASON THAT WORKING WITH INTELLIGENCE BECOMES PRIME IMPORTANT.

न हि कश्चित्क्षणमपि जातु तिष्ठत्यकर्मकृत्।

कार्यते ह्यवशः कर्म सर्वः प्रकृतिजैर्गुणैः।।३.५।।

No human being can continue to exist even for a second without performing Karma. The entire mankind is in the control of grand nature and the nature forces mankind to perform Karma. Thus no one can escape performing Karma and will have to act.

यज्ञार्थात्कर्मणोऽन्यत्र लोकोऽयं कर्मबन्धनः।

तदर्थं कर्म कौन्तेय मुक्तसङ्गः समाचर।।३.९।।

सहयज्ञाः प्रजाः सृष्ट्वा पुरोवाच प्रजापतिः

अनेन प्रसविष्यध्वमेष वोऽस्त्विष्टकामधुक्।।३.१०।।

देवान्भावयतानेन ते देवा भावयन्तु वः।

परस्परं भावयन्तः श्रेयः परमवाप्स्यथ।।३.११।।

Lord Krishna emphasizes upon performing Karma according to the scriptures, shastras or vedas. Karmas performed otherwise bond a person to the Karmas, thus mankind starts to expect results. But the Karma should be performed as a duty, free from attachment and as an offering to the God almighty. 3.9.

KARMA OF YAGNA

At the time of creating this existence lord Brahma created Yagna as well. The Yagna of making offering in fire to the Gods. And he directed the mankind to perform this offering to Gods which would result in mankind’s prosperity. These Yagna will give you your needs and wants. By performing this Yagna, you make the Devatas prosper. And those Devatas will make you prosperous in return. Thus without any selfishness you perform these Yagna and thus you and Devatas will make each other prosper. 3.10, 3.11.

The above slokas indicate how important Yagna is. At present mankind is running after money to make himself prosperous. Mankind has forgotten the correct path towards prosperity. That path is performing Yagna in fire and making offerings to the Gods. This is a law of nature and therefore very important.

इष्टान्भोगान्हि वो देवा दास्यन्ते यज्ञभाविताः।

तैर्दत्तानप्रदायैभ्यो यो भुङ्क्ते स्तेन एव सः।।३.१२।।

यज्ञशिष्टाशिनः सन्तो मुच्यन्ते सर्वकिल्बिषैः।

भुञ्जते ते त्वघं पापा ये पचन्त्यात्मकारणात्।।३.१३।।

Devatas made prosperous by your offerings in Yagna in fire will present you with all your needs and wants, without even you asking for them. Thus you will enjoy. Whatever food we eat has also been given to us by the Devatas. Thus whoever eats the food without making offerings in fire to Gods he is a thief. The people who eat the food leftover from the food offered to the Gods, such people are superior and their problems are naturally finished. The people who cook and eat to satisfy their hunger without making offerings to Gods are eating sins and such people are sinful. 3.12, 3.13. (Many translators of Shrimad Bhagwad Gita have interpreted the word offering as sacrifice. Sacrifice in common understanding is referred to as killing of an animal. Shrimad Bhagwad Gita, however is very clear and says that it is an offering to God Almighty.)