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UNDERSTANDING SANATAN DHARMA

the path towards superior intelligence

HUMAN INTELLIGENCE

THEORY OF FOUR INTELLIGENCES

While various theories have been put up by various researchers, none is able to provide a broad view or perception of what human or animal intelligence is. Detailed analysis of various forms of intelligences is also short of a comprehensive study encompassing the entire gamut of human intelligence.

Author has postulated the following theory on Intelligence in human beings. The theory not just fully explains how human brain functions and how intelligence works, it also explains the process of rebirth and reincarnation, the behavior pattern in humans and animals, the process of development of intelligence in humans etc. This theory also broadly categorizes the multiple intelligences present in human brain. The theory also explains as to how from generation to generation intelligence in humans is increasing. The theory proves that human intelligence can be enhanced to the highest possible levels presently unknown to mankind. The theory also explains the existence of talents in humans such as arts and music and beauty as it exists in nature; which the Darwin's theory of evolution is grossly unable to explain.

This theory, however, uses certain aspects of human existence such as re incarnation and re birth, presence of super natural beings etc. which are which are inherent concepts in Sanatan Dharma and are also a reality even in today’s world and for which innumerable living examples are available in real world, but which have been termed as ‘irrational’ by the modern scientific community. As explained earlier, firstly modern science has not yet reached its pinnacle and is not able to explain lot of phenomenon in real life. As also real life cannot be termed as irrational and has to be considered with open eyes before making any conclusions. Such explanations have been discussed as obvious realities of life in the ancient Indian texts.

This is Theory of Four Intelligences. According to this theory human intelligence can be divided into four broad categories. From lowest to the highest in hierarchy these are

  1. Skill Intelligence.
  2. Intelligence of Analysis.
  3. Memory Intelligence.
  4. Focus Intelligence.

Skill Intelligence

This is the ability of a person to use the brain for a particular skill or skills. For example the ability to learn multiple languages, ability to visualize a product, ability to assess a situation, ability to devise mechanical or electrical objects or circuits, ability to take correct financial decisions, ability to learn musical notes, ability to do business and so on.

There are billions of people on this earth. All individuals are performing some task or the other. Each individual chooses a vocation according to his or her own 'liking', a task which the individual would prefer to do because the person is inherently inclined to do such a job or work. As described in Shrimad Bhagwad Gita, this is the ‘Vyavasatmik intelligence’ which comes naturally in a person by birth. This intelligence is provided by the grand Nature. If a person follows this intelligence he is conforming to the larger planning of the nature on earth. These skill intelligences are innumerable in numbers, this has also been explained in Shrimad Bhagwad Gita.

There are innumerable such abilities or skills which we may see as being inherent to different individuals. It is important to note that these are 'inherent' abilities with which a person is born. It is also to be noted that these abilities are pre-programmed into human brain. A person may have one or more of such abilities or skills. Therefore this ability to perform a particular kind of job forms one part of the measure of intelligence and may be termed as Skill Intelligence. A person may be having various levels of quality of skill in performing a job.

This is Skill Intelligence. Skill intelligence can be enhanced with education, practice and experience, but most of all with Sadhnas.

Note that with a disturbed mind a person will not be able to use this intelligence to its full capacity.

Intelligence of Analysis

The second is the capacity to analyze. A person encounters a host of situations at every moment during his life time while operating his or her skills or otherwise in daily life. How the intelligence may be used in a particular situation is dependent upon how well a person is able to analyze the situation concerning the skill or in daily life. This is the ability to analyze or Intelligence of Analysis. This capacity is required for all the above skill abilities or the skills in varying degrees and is important for all the particular traits as in skill intelligence.

This is the intelligence with which a person is able to think deeply in any professional or personal situation, how deeply a person can analyse the consequences of each and every option available at that moment. Just like in a game of chess how far one can think of each and every move option available in a situation.

Memory Intelligence

The third is intelligence to memorize. This capacity is helpful and essential for both the Skill Intelligence and Intelligence of Analysis. It is also seen that some people are able to memorize quickly and others take some time yet others fail to memorize to a great extent. Also some people are able to memorize long texts after reading the text just once, others may memorize after reading the text a number of times. Memory intelligence becomes more important when linked to a person's skill and intelligence of analysis. Both skill intelligence and Intelligence of analysis become better when the Memory Intelligence is good. A superior memory intelligence leads to superior skill and analysis intelligence.

For example in any situation how far is one able to recollect from his past knowledge and experience at a particular moment. This recollection has to be spontaneous at any moment in life in any situation. Many people in spite of previous adverse experiences continue to take incorrect decisions and thereby suffer. This is memory intelligence. 

Again this intelligence can be developed enormously by the process of Sadhana.

Focus Intelligence

The fourth and the most important in hierarchy is the capacity to focus the mind on one subject or object for a duration of time. This is the capacity of the human brain to consistently remain focused to one object, thought or idea for a period of time. We may also call this the power of concentration. However the primary difference between focus and concentration is that focus is effortless and concentration requires an amount of effort. This forms the fourth intelligence or the Focus Intelligence. Again this intelligence is found in varying degrees in different individuals.

Note that a disturbed mind will not be able to focus his thinking process on one subject or thought for even a very short period. But this intelligence can be developed with practice. This is also the process of control of human mind and has been described in Shrimad Bhagwad Gita in such manner. According to Lord Krishna it is easy to catch the wind but difficult to control the mind.

Capacity to focus also enhances all the three intelligences as described previously. Capacity to focus greatly enhances the ability to memorize. This can be seen from practical day to day life. A focused exercise in memorization of a task or subject will lead to quick memorization. When a person's mind is disturbed or wavering the person will take longer to memorize the same task or subject. Thus focus intelligence enhances the Memory Intelligence and hence also enhances the intelligence of analysis and therefore also enhances skill intelligence.

Capacity to focus also enhances the ability to analyze a situation. It is logical that if a person is able to concentrate better on a situation the analysis would be deeper and superior. This can again be seen from practical day to day experience and life situations. A disturbed mind will never be able to analyze a situation well.

This Focus of Mind or Control of Mind is also the crux of all the teachings from all the ancient Indian texts. 

Read more in the book "Understanding Sanatan Dharma".