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UNDERSTANDING SANATAN DHARMA

the path towards superior intelligence

YANTRAS

WHAT ARE YANTRAS?

Each of the principle energy deity is to be energized not alone but along with several other energies as well. All these energies have to be established on a platform or temple where they can reside. This platform or temple is a yantra. Importance of a yantra can never be undermined. It remains as important as the sadhana itself.

For different deities there are different yantra designs and construction. Generally these are made from copper or silver or gold plates as may be specified. A plate of suitable dimension is taken and the yantra is engraved upon the plate. It is important that precision and beauty of the yantra is maintained. There are yantras which may be made on certain paper like tree barks. These yantras are then energized and placed inside silver or gold talismans and worn permanently on the person. Thus the energies remain with person where ever he goes. Such yantras need to be written with special inks and pens.

How the yantra must be drawn is again described in terms of Sanskrit verses in the ancient texts. Normally size of the yantra should be approximately 8 x 8 inches. These days a lot of websites are selling yantras at fabulous prices. However whether these have been made according to the specified rules and precision is doubtful.

Every yantra made or bought needs to be energized and the process is ‘Avaran Pooja’ as described in the last chapter. For certain yantras there are other shorter ways to energize. Once energized, these yantras are powerful to maintain their effect on the disciple and place of worship for many years. Also the sadhana cannot be complete without the presence of a yantra and establishment of energies in the yantra.

As an example I am giving below a verse which gives method of drawing the famous ‘Shree Yantra’. This is not complete description. I am citing it just to give an idea to the readers how advanced the thinking was in those times. The complex geometric figures were described in terms of verses. I am also giving below the Shri Yantra that thus emerges from the following verse.

 

भ्रमेण वृतं निष्पाद्य सुसमे चतुरस्त्रके ।

प्रमृज्य तिर्य्यङ्‍मध्यस्थं सूत्रं तिर्य्यङि्नपातयेत् ।।८।।

सूत्राणि नव तेषु द्वे वृत्तस्पृष्टोभयान्तके ।

विधाय तद्‍द्धयोरन्तान्मध्यसूत्रान्ततः क्रमात् ।।९।।

कृते सूत्रचतुष्के तु षट्‍कोणं स्यात्त्रिसप्तकम् ।

द्व्यष्टाग्रतः समारम्भान्नवमं प्रथमान्तरा ।।१०।।

कुर्य्यात् सूत्रचतुष्कन्तु चतुर्मर्म्मानुगुण्यतः ।

नवमप्रथमाग्राभ्यां तिर्य्यक सप्तमकावधि ।।११।।

कुर्य्यात् सूत्रचतुष्के तु मर्म्माष्टकविभेदनात् ।

ततश्चतुष्कषष्ठान्तद्वयारम्भात्तथाष्टगम् ।।१२।।

द्वितीयगञ्च सूत्राणां चतुष्कं पातयेत्तथा ।

चतुर्म्मर्म्मानुगुण्येन ततः पञ्चमकान्तयोः ।।१३।।

तृतीयगं सूत्रयुगं कुर्य्यान्मर्म्मद्वयाश्रयम् ।

मार्जयेन्मध्यगं ब्रह्मसूत्रं स्याच्चक्रमुत्तमम् ।।१४।।

बहिरष्टच्छदाम्भोजं तथा तद्विगुणच्छदम् ।

विधाय षडभिर्वृत्तैश्च चतुरस्त्रे तथाष्टभिः ।।१५।।

सूत्रैर्विधाय तस्यैव प्राक्प्रत्यग्द्वारसंयुतम् ।

दक्षिणोत्तरतो रेखात्रयात् स्थानद्वयात्तथा ।।१६।।

कोणेषु तिर्य्यक् सूत्रैश्च चतुर्भिस्तान्यनुक्रमात् ।

द्विधा कुर्य्याच्च चत्वारि पदानि परमेश्वरि ।।१७।।

ललितार्च्चाचक्रमिदं लभ्यं सद्गुरुतः क्रमात् ।

सुन्दरं सुसमं सर्वलक्षणैश्च समन्वितम् ।।१८।।

 

            

 

One can see the complexity of the yantra. It is important that the yantra is made exactly as described to be useful and powerful. The above is just one example from the thousands of yantras available.

Once the yantra has been drawn the entire mantra as well as certain seed words is to be written in different blocks of the yantra.

I am giving below another example in which all the seed words belonging to the respective mantra are also written.

 

      

As described earlier all higher knowledge sciences require the presence of yantra designed specifically for that particular sadhana. Again these have been described in the original texts only and new ones cannot be designed or created.

The yantras are either drawn with a pen using specific inks on special materials or yantras need to be engraved upon metals plates of metals such as gold, silver or copper. Again the yantras need to be very precise. Shoddily constructed yantras are not useful.

If the yantra needs to be worn on person, it should be made by hand on a special material called ‘Bhojpatra’, silk or ‘Tadpatra’. Normally the ink used is ‘Ashtgandha’. Ashtgandha is a mixture of eight materials. Again there are three types of ashtgandhas.

Shakti Ashtgandha is made from equal parts mixture of the following:

  1. Sandal Powder.
  2. Agar (Aquilaria Agallocha).
  3. Camphor.
  4. Granthiparn (Leonotis Nepetiifolia)
  5. Saffron.
  6. Gorochan.
  7. Jatamansi (Nardostachys jatamansi DC)
  8. Lobaan.

Vishnu Ashtgandha is made from equal parts                        mixture of the following:

  1. Sandal Powder.
  2. Agar (Aquilaria Agallocha).
  3. Hriber (Plectranthus Vettiveroides)
  4. Kushth (Saussurea Lappa)
  5. Saffron
  6. Sevyak
    1. Jatamansi (Nardostachys jatamansi DC)
  7. Moor grass (Potentilla anserina)

Shiv Ashtgandha is made from equal parts                        mixture of the following:

  1. Sandal Powder.
    1. Agar (Aquilaria Agallocha).
  2. Camphor
  3. Tamaal (Cinnamomum Innerseves)
  4. Saffron
  5. Kusheet
  6. Kushth (Saussurea Lappa)
  7. Jal (Watercress)

Yantras can also be made on metals such as gold, silver or copper. Other materials if any are specified in the verses. The yantra figure needs to be precisely engraved upon the metal plate. The plate thickness may be from 0.5 to 3 mm. The texts specify that the yantra must be engraved upon the plate. These days a whole lot of yantras are available on various websites. These are mainly stamped on metal plates. The markings of the yantra in most cases are embossed instead of being indented or engraved. Some yantras being sold are sand casted from materials such as brass. These again are not precise and efficacy of such yantras is thus doubtful.

The person who is writing or constructing the yantra must master the ‘Bhootlipi’. Bhootlipi is nothing but all the characters in the Sanskrit language i.e. the following 42 characters:

।। अं इं उं ऋं लृं ऐं ऍं ओं औं हं यं रं वं लं ङं कं खं गं घं ञं चं छं झं जं णं टं ठं ढं डं नं तं थं धं दं मं पं फं भं बं शं षं सं ।।

The person who is to make the yantras must have completed formal mastering of all the characters in a manner as stated in the ancient texts. The yantra should also be made during certain auspicious time periods. Then the yantras show their complete power when used. Thus one must never go to just any website and buy a yantra because one never knows whether all the prerequisites have been fulfilled or not. Many websites have also modified the yantras by introducing pictures and figurines of Gods. These yantras by virtue of being modified become power less and use less. One must ensure that the yantra is being purchased from the right people and places.

The yantras may take many forms. Described below are some of the many different forms to give the reader an idea about the yantras.

 

               

Savaran Durga Pujan Yantra

 

                 

 

Savaran Bhuveshwari Yantra

 

         

Sukh Prasav Yantra

(This yantra is especially for pregnant women. If placed in the household and prayed to everyday results in child birth without problems)

 

            

 

Yantra to bring fortune

 

 

 

Sharabh Yantram

 

The above are only a few of the thousands of yantras that can be used for various purposes. For each different Sadhana there is a different Yantra. These have to be used as part of the Sadhana and alone will not be effective. Bringing in money and fortune is one of the many different purposes for which the yantras can be used. As such the most of the above yantras need to be energized to be effective. As mentioned earlier these have to be drawn or made using specific techniques as specified for each yantra.

 

Broadly each specific need requires specific sadhana or the worship procedure and each sadhana requires specific tools such as the yantras.